HMRC figures confirm higher corporation tax receipts

UK corporation tax receipts reached a record £49.5 billion in the financial year ending on March 31, an increase of 12 percent over the previous year, according to HM Revenue & Customs.

The increase was due to higher receipts from industrial and commercial, financial, and insurance sector companies, HMRC said in “Corporation tax statistics 2017″ an analysis published on August 24 of receipts from corporation tax, the bank levy, and the bank surcharge. The bank levy accounted for £3 billion and the bank surcharge, which was introduced in 2016, raised £1.1 billion. The diverted profits tax, introduced in 2015, is excluded because it is a different head of duty, HMRC noted, but the corporation tax figures will include any additional tax arising from behavioural change in response to its introduction …

Total corporation tax liabilities for 2015/16 were estimated at £43.4 billion, HMRC said, an increase of 1.4 percent on the previous year. The number of companies with a liability was 1.37 million, up 11.2 percent. The distribution of liabilities was “highly skewed”. Read more:

My news story for Tax Analysts, August 28 (paywall)

Look-through taxation for small companies is too complicated, say UK tax bodies

A proposed new tax system for small companies would increase uncertainty and confusion among small business owners and increase the scope for errors, UK tax experts said in response to consultation on the merits of a “look-through” model.

The UK already has two complicated systems, one for unincorporated businesses and one for corporate bodies, the ICAEW Tax Faculty noted a submission to the Office of Tax Simplification. “Rather than introduce a new model we would support simplification in each area,” the Faculty said. The Chartered Institute of Taxation said a key effect of a mandatory look-through system appeared to be to generate an increased tax yield from small business.

Read more: My news story for Tax Analysts, 8 October (paywall).

And there’s an interesting discussion on Twitter, in response to this tweet:

UK paves the way for public country-by-country reporting but stresses multilateral approach

Tax transparency campaigners have welcomed the UK government’s decision to accept a Finance Bill amendment that will enable HM Treasury to make regulations requiring large multinationals to publish country-by-country reports of their profits and taxes. The government, however, stressed that it intends to seek international agreement on a reporting model before using the new power.

Customers and taxpayers expect big companies to “play fair by them and by the country in which they operate,” Labour member of Parliament Caroline Flint said during a House of Commons debate on September 5. “It sometimes seems as though we are trying to catch jelly.”

Read more: My news story at Tax Notes 7 September (paywall) published by Tax Analysts.

New UK chancellor stresses commitment to reduce corporate tax rate

The UK economy is well placed to respond to the “shock” of last month’s EU referendum decision, newly appointed chancellor of the exchequer Philip Hammond told members of Parliament, saying that the government is committed to ensuring that the UK has a competitive corporate tax system that encourages innovation and business investment.

“We have already announced a reduction in corporation tax to 17 percent – the lowest rate in the G20 – and we are reducing the [property tax] business rates burden by £6.7 billion,” Hammond said July 19. He made no reference to his predecessor George Osborne’s aim, reported in the Financial Times shortly after the Brexit vote, to set a long-term target of less than 15 percent for the corporate rate.

Read more: My news story for Tax Notes, 22 July (paywall) published by Tax Analysts.

UK tax practitioners question 15% corporation tax target

After Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne said that he wants to set a target rate of less than 15 percent, tax practitioners suggested that further reductions in the U.K.’s corporation tax rate are not a top priority for businesses and may not have the desired effect.

Osborne is planning to “slash corporation tax” in order to woo businesses deterred from investing in a post-Brexit Britain, the Financial Times said in a July 3 report, noting that the move could alienate voters.

The Confederation of British Industry welcomed the announcement. “The chancellor is right to be considering moves that support economic growth and send out the signal that the U.K. is open for business at this critical time,” said CBI chief economist Rain Newton-Smith.

Read more: My news story for Tax Notes, 6 July (paywall) published by Tax Analysts. Stephanie Johnston contributed to this story.

Does the UK need even more corporation tax cuts?

George Osborne has told the Financial Times that he wants to set the lowest corporation tax rate of any major economy, announcing “a target of 15%”. The current rate is 20%. The paper reported that:

[Osborne] said Britain should “get on with it” to prove to investors that the country was still “open for business”.

The FT added that before the EU referendum the chancellor had “threatened to make £30bn of tax rises or spending cuts” in a post-Brexit emergency Budget:

He is now striking a more cautious note, awaiting official forecasts before announcing any new measures in the Autumn Statement.

The FT also noted that the move could alienate some voters, and Labour’s shadow chancellor John McDonnell has tabled an urgent question for today, 4 July, on the corporation tax proposal. Continue reading

UK lawmakers approve corporation tax cut

The UK’s low corporation tax rate attracts jobs and investment, and it would be a grave mistake to cancel a further cut to 17 percent planned for 2020, Financial Secretary to the Treasury David Gauke warned members of Parliament before they approved the cut by a vote of 308 to 255.

A Committee of the Whole House completed its consideration of the finance bill June 28 after several hours of debate. MPs defeated by just 22 votes an amendment implementing public country-by-country reporting, and defeated by 37 votes a new clause on tax transparency moved by Margaret Hodge, Labour MP and former chair of the House of Commons Public Accounts Committee.

Read more: My news story for Tax Notes, 30 June (paywall) published by Tax Analysts.